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Where am I in the Reading Universe Taxonomy?

Word Recognition
Phonological Awareness
Language Comprehension
Reading Comprehension
Letter Names and Sounds

Articulation: Making the Sounds

When teaching students how to articulate the sounds, cues can help. This chart has student-friendly descriptions for how the consonant pairs, also known as sound cousins, are made. It also includes reminders on the special characteristics of vowels and dipthongs.

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Reading Universe is made possible by generous support from Jim & Donna Barksdale, the American Federation of Teachers, the Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation, and three anonymous donors.

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