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Word Recognition
Phonological Awareness
Phonics
Language Comprehension
Reading Comprehension
Phoneme Manipulation Skill Explainer

Substituting Phonemes Lesson Plan

When your students can add phonemes in all three positions, you are ready to teach them phoneme substitution. Here's a sample lesson plan for phoneme substitution with three-phoneme words.

In teaching phoneme manipulations we follow this order: first deletion, then addition, then substitution. Each of the three skills of phoneme manipulation needs to be taught in isolation, so we don't confuse students. Depending on how quickly your students pick it up, we recommend you work on each element for several minutes every day over the course of one week. You'll start with deletion, then move on to addition, and finally teach substitution.

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