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Manipulatives - instructional support tools used to scaffold the learning process by providing visual and/or tangible representations of a literacy or math concept. For example, plastic chips can be used as tokens or placeholders to represent speech sounds when learning to count phonemes in a word, letter tiles can be used when mapping graphemes to phonemes, or plastic linking blocks work as manipulatives to illustrate numeracy concepts such as addition and subtraction.

Reading Universe is made possible by generous support from Jim & Donna Barksdale, the AFT, the Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation, and three anonymous donors.

AFT Education Healthcare Public Services