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Synthetic phonics

Synthetic phonics (also known as bottom-up approach) – an approach to teaching decoding that begins at the phoneme level. Instruction starts with teaching the phonemes (individual sounds) and graphemes (spellings of individual sounds) in isolation. Students are taught to write and read words by blending letter sounds (synthesizing) together. One-to-one spellings are mastered first for example, cat spells /k/ /ă/ /t/) and more complex spellings are mastered later (for example, bleach spells /b/ /l/ /ē/ /ch/).

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